Turkey is a country that has one of the beautiful blends of both Eastern and Western culture and arts. It has monuments that prove that the Turks were great rulers and put emphasis on arts and culture. On the other hand, Turkey is also home to much appreciated and acclaimed constructions of ancient Greek and Ottoman culture.
The 16th and 17th centuries were the finest period for Turkey as it was the time when Ottoman art was craved and mesmerizing monuments were built. The long reign of Suleiman the Magnificent brought a rare military and political success and it was Suleiman the Magnificent who encouraged the arts in the empire.
Turkish pottery, textiles, and craftsmanship were highly acclaimed in the yesteryear and they were even able to take care of other clients as well as the sultan. What follows are some of the most fascinating and wonderful culture and art sites in Turkey.
1. Ottoman Architecture
Ottoman Empire flourished between the 14th and 15th centuries. Mimar Sinan was the master architect of the Ottoman population and he worked under three sultans. Ottomans were very prolific builders and built amazing mosques and community welfare buildings such as hospitals.
All the bridges, palaces, fountains, and tombs are also among the finest of buildings even in this present day. The great imperial mosques are a great example of how good Ottoman architectures were.
2. Nemrut Dag
If you love to travel, history, museum, and archeological culture and art sites then Turkey’s your dream country. The country boasts some of the most fascinating heritage sites that are included in the UNESCO world heritage site. One of these famous sites is Nemrut Dag with its five giant limestone statues. King Antiochos I of Commagene created one of the most fascinating statues in the Hellenistic period as a monument for himself. It is one of the highest picks in the east of Taurus Mountains.
Comprising two settlements located in the Southwestern Anatolia, Letoon is located near the city of Xanthos. It is a real treasure that represents the distinctive architectural phenomenon from the ancient Lycian civilization. The epitaphic art includes tombs, pillars, and sarcophagi are the evidence of the marvellous architecture knowledge they possessed back in the time.
You can also find epigraphs, inscriptions carved on the rocks and pillars; describing the royalty of the rich past of Turkish history. It is said to be sacred to the cult of an earlier mother goddess named Eni Mahanahi. The site was active during the time of the Roman Empire and was Christianised with the help of constructing a church at the site.
If you want to see an ancient city then Çatalhöyük is one site you must visit. A whole city was excavated from Southern Anatolia. It is a very large Neolithic and Catholic proto-city which is a great attraction for tourists due to its ancient history and amazing structure. In 2012, it was announced as the UNESCO World Heritage Site. This site is highly regarded by archeologists all over the world because it has evidence of human prehistory of 7,400 to 6,200 B.C. Archeologists have found the remains of houses, paintings, reliefs, another example of a thriving social and culture of the Neolithic community.
This site is immortalized due to the movie and how amazing the piece of architecture marvel is. The fall of the city is as famous as the Trojan horse. This was the secret weapon used by the Spartans and Achaean warriors to get the upper hand over the Greeks. It is one of the most significant archeological sites in the world as it has a history of more than 4,000 years. Some settlements were unearthed from the site like prehistoric cemeteries, Hellenistic burial mounds and Greek and Roman remains.
Homer’s Iliad made the story immortalized and how the horse became the much-known artifact of the site. The unmovable object faced the uncontrollable force when Greeks abducted Queen Helen from Sparta. The gods also intervened in support of characters from both sides. It is one of the most prominent culture and art sites in Turkey.
It is an ancient Greek coast city and was situated from the three kilometres of the southwest of present-day Seljuk. It was built in the 10th century and shows how marvellous the architecture of that era was. This construction shows fantastic examples of Hellenistic and Roman cultural history. When the archeologists excavated the site, they found old and ruined monuments, terrace houses, and buildings. The Library of Celsus and the ruins of the temple of Artemis were found from the site. Latter is considered as one of the seven wonders in the world.
The rise of the city was quite dramatic as it was destroyed by the Goths in 263. It was again destroyed by an earthquake in AD 614. The recent excavations have unearthed ruins of a bronze era at Ayasuluk Hill. Even though many civilizations have razed the city but they have always prospered. However, when the taxes were raised, the fall of the city began. If you want to see the fascinating side of Turkey then you need to visit this one of the most culturally and art sites.
The structure is all about the Greek goddess Aphrodite as she was the goddess of love, fertility, and Aphrodisias. It is one of the most sacred sites in the southwestern of the country. Archeologists built spectacular marble temples and they are dated way back to the 3rd century BC. The advancement of the population was so great that they have built a theatre, two bath complexes, a stadium, and other historical civic structures and sites.
The usage of white, grey, blue, and Carian marbles was extraordinary. The structures were awe-inspiring and you will be amazed by the skills they possessed in that era. The city had schools for sculpture, philosophy and was considered as the education hub of Turkey in ancient times.
If you are a fanatic of historical places and love to explore an ancient culture and art sites then Turkey should be on top of your visiting list. These culture and art sites will take you back to the ancient time and will help you see the architectural beauty of Turkey.