The history of the Seljuk Empire dates back to the 11th century. It was founded by the ruling military family of Oguz Turkic tribes. Their Empire included countries like Palestine, Mesopotamia, Syria and also Iran.
The Chief Seljuk
Turkish tribes migrated from Central Asia and Russia during the 10th century. One of the chiefs of such several tribal people was known as Seljuk. They eventually settled in the lower banks of River Syr Darya. They later converted themselves to the faith of Sunni Islam. Seljuk gave his name to both his empire and dynasty. Much later, Seljuk’s grandsons, Tughril Beg and Chaghri Beg included Persian support to win over greater parts of Khorasan and Tughril ruled Mesopotamia and western part of Iran.
Over the years, the Seljuk Empire was extended to other Middle East countries. The Empire was influenced by the strong legacy of Islam. During this period of rule, several madrasahs were founded and reared several academicians, religious scholars and administrators for the Empire. Some of the many mosques built by the rulers of this empire include the Great Mosque of Esfahan. Even the Persian cultural autonomy flourished at its best during this time.
Chaghri, Tughril and Alp Arslan
The Seljuk Empire was taken to great heights by his two grandsons, Chaghri and Tughril. Later, Chaghri’s son Alp Arslan expanded Tughril’s dynasty by adding Georgia and Armenia. He also invaded the Byzantine Empire and annexed most of Anatolia.
The Decline of The Seljuk Empire
The empire was unable to prevent the onset of Nizari Isma’ilism. The rule of Seljuk Empire to divide the dynasty amongst the deceased ruler’s several sons actually led to their decline. Such a practice created several independent principalities which led to internecine power struggles amongst themselves. By the end of 1200, the Seljuk Empire disappeared from all the countries it once ruled except for Anatolia.
Turkey is a country with iconic historical background and culture. Once you visit Turkey to explore the rich cultural heritage of the country, you will find it difficult to leave. You would want to come back to the country again and again for repeated rendezvous.