Is Turkey in Europe?
Turkey, a country that holds an exceptional geographic location, lying half in Asia and half in Europe. Throughout its history, it has operated as both an impediment and a bridge between the two continents.
Turkey is located at the turning point of the Balkans, Caucasus, Middle East, and Eastern Mediterranean. It is among the bigger countries of the region in terms of area and population, and its land area is greater than that of any European state. Approximately all of the country is in Asia, including the oblong peninsula of Asia Minor also referred to as Anatolia in the east, part of a mountainous region often known as the Armenian Highland. The rest of the Turkish lead lies in the intense southeastern part of Europe, a small remnant of an empire that once extended over much of the Balkans.
Turkey is a country that is in the middle of Europe and Asia. Turkey is home to pixie smokestack and hot air balloons, Roman history, and kebabs, a world wonder. Empires later empires rose and fall on these lands and to see Turkey as a whole, you will have to go further than just Istanbul.
Turkey has conventionally been both, but at present is more Middle Eastern than European. Geographically, Europe is similar to Asia. Asia, Antarctica, the Americas, and Oceania are all uncompromising by geography. Whoever came up with the thought of Europe desired to recognize Europe from the rest of Asia. But this is only as fair as differentiate the Middle East, Central Asia, East Asia, or South Asia as separate, but still parts of Asia.
Western Russia has a similar culture as Eastern Europe, so Western Russia should be deemed part of Europe. As for Turkey, it has historically been split between Europe and the Middle East. When Alexander conquered Iran, his Hellenistic impact resulted in Turkey and Iran being importantly more European in culture. But some empires of Iran made an effort to revert from the Hellenistic influence back to native culture. Turkey was included in this, but Istanbul was a long part of Greek / Eastern European culture.
The best measure of culture is religion. After the foundation of Christianity, the Byzantine Empire dominated Turkey. The Byzantines were significantly Eastern European in culture. Their religion was Eastern Orthodox, which argues the difference between Catholic Western Europe and Zoroastrian Iran, while the remaining Middle East was combined. With the rise of Islam, Turkey became more united with the Middle East. Now, 98% of Turkey is Muslim, so it’s a significantly greater part of the Middle East than Eastern Europe. Although, it does have some Eastern European impact. It’s in the Balkans, Istanbul is “geographically” in Europe, and many European establishments involve Turkey in Europe.
Why is Turkey called European when most of Turkey is in Asia?
Ottoman Empire, of which Turkey is the inheritor state, has been economically and socially politically considered as a European state and was always in the middle of European concerns since its creation. Pretty much right after its foundation at the end of the 13th century, it increased head west, and only towards the end of the 14th century, its frontier settlement had reached the Vardar and Kosovan plains, the heart of current-day Balkans. A century before conquering Istanbul its capital was at Adrianople even westwards. The very pillars of the state were built in the Balkans, ”Ottoman Europe” as some historians called it, was the passage that gave life to the Ottoman statehood. Centuries later when Turks lost their final area of land in the Balkans during the 1912–13 Balkan wars, this disastrous loss caused the end of the state. It took only 5 another year for it to precisely fall entirely.
How do you see Turkey? Is it a European country or a Middle Eastern country?
The fact is that Turkey is very worldly. The South-Eastern pieces of the country are closer to what one would define as Middle Eastern in nature and culture both. The Northern parts are European in nature and Turkish in culture. Whereas the Western parts are the euro area in complexion and culture.
Turks from Western Turkey love their wine and their beer. They love having an appropriate moment with their family and friends around a dinner table. They love talking loudly and using unreasonable body language. Turkish people love singing and dancing. Sure there are traditionalist, religious Turks too, but they are mostly in the middle and Eastern Turkey. Those religious people are too traditionalist even for Western Turks. Western Turkey would be considered as a European country because the main problem with sorting Turkey as European has always been the fact that they’re Muslims, but Western Turks don’t fit in with that stereotype. They fit in with the euro area European one.
Why visit Turkey?
Turkey sits at the cross-road between Europe and Asia and has been occupied since the Paleolithic age by much human development making Turkey one of the best locations to travel to for history devotees and adventurers alike who enjoy walking around historical locations. Apart from that, the people are friendly especially in the east, the food excessively delicious and the cost of traveling very cheap. There is no better place than Turkey if you are looking to get yourself established in the Middle East territory.21
Turkey has practically as many claims to being European as any country in the Balkans. But there are also things in Turkey that you won’t find much of anywhere else in Europe, the universality of the Islamic call to prayer, for one. Some elements of Turkey, like being a founding member of the assembly of Europe, explicitly point to it being European, while others, such as being located almost entirely in Asia, point to the other guidance. But the truth is there is never going to be a clear answer, and people have many individual thoughts on the matter is one of the things that makes Turkey worth having this discussion about in the first place.