Turkey is one of the most amazing sites for architectural fanatics. It has a blend of the Roman Empire, Turkish Empire, and the Ottoman Empire’s architecture. Among them, the Ottoman Empire houses one of the best architectural buildings.
The Ottoman dynasty lasted for more than 600 years and gave the world some of the best monuments. If you are someone who loves to visit archaeological sites, then Turkey should be on your top of the list. The history surrounding the country is fascinating, to say the least, and you will be in awe of its ancient constructions.
Among these constructions, inns are much acclaimed by tourists and history-lovers. The grandness and history connected with the monuments have made them one of the most visited places by tourists. If you really want to see how proficient Ottoman architectures were; take a glance at these historical inns built during that era.
What follows are some of the mesmerizing inns built by the Ottoman architectures:
This is one of the most loved inns built by the Ottomans. Çırağan Palace was a former Ottoman palace and now it has been transformed into a five-star hotel in the Kempinski Hotel chain. It is situated on the European shore of the Bosporus and placed between Beşiktaş and Ortaköy in Istanbul. The hotel’s Sultan’s Suite is placed on the 14th rank among the 15 most expensive hotel suites in the world.
The palace was built by Sultan Abdulaziz and was designed by the Armenian architect Nigoğayos Balyan of the much-acclaimed Balyan architectural family. It was built between 1863 and 1867 when all Ottoman Sultans were building some of the most fascinating palaces instead of using their ancestral buildings.
One of the most amazing things about this palace is that the inner walls and roof were made of wood, while the outer walls were made using colorful marble. There was a beautiful marble bridge built to connect the palace to the Yıldız Palace on the hill behind. To protect the palace from the outer world; a very high garden wall was built.
The construction and the interior decoration of the palace were not completed till 1872. However, the sad part was that the Sultan who built this palace – Sultan Abdulaziz was found dead inside the palace on 30 May 1876 and did not live long to live more in this magnificent palace. The curse also continued as his successor, Sultan Murad, his nephew also lasted for only 93 days in Çırağan Palace.
During the Second Constitutional Monarchy on November 14, 1909, Sultan Mehmed V allowed the Ottoman Parliament to convene their meetings in Çırağan Palace. Once again calamity struck as only two months later a great fire destroyed the whole palace, leaving only the outer walls unharmed.
In the first quarter of the year 2007, it was renovated and now reminiscent of the historical inn built in the Ottoman time with the ornamental style and soft colors.
The Pera Palace Hotel
This hotel is quite special in the history of the country. It has been listed in the special category and used as a museum hotel. Located in the Beyoğlu district in Istanbul, the European side of Turkey and was built in the year 1892 to house the passenger of the Orient Express. The Pera Palace holds the title of the “Oldest European Hotel of Turkey”.
The establishment work began in 1892 and a grand opening gala was held in 1895. Alexander Vallaury was chosen to design the hotel as he had the experience of living in the city. He designed a hotel that was a perfect blend of neo-classical and oriental style. The first owners of the hotel were the Ottoman Armenian Esayan family.
This hotel is listed as important historical inns and included in the general protection of Turkish law. However, extensive renovation was needed to take Pera Palace back on top. Hence, the hotel was closed for renovation purposes from 2006, undergoing a restoration project, and reopened on September 1, 2010.
Küçüksu Pavilion or Littlewater Pavilion or Göksu Pavilion is a summer pavilion built by Ottoman Sultans in the Küçüksu neighborhood of Beykoz district which is located on the Asian side of Turkey. You can take a glance at the palace from the shore of Bosporus, Anadoluhisarı, and from the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge. Ottoman sultans used this pavilion for short stays when they paid a visit to do excursions and hunting.
Sultan Abd-ul-Mejid I commissioned the pavilion and Garabet Amira Balyan and his son Nigoğayos Balyan of the much-acclaimed architectural family of Balyan were chosen to turn the dream pavilion into reality. They completed it in 1857, a neo-baroque style was chosen.
The building consists of two main stories and a basement and unlike clichéd pavilion gardens guarded by the high walls; they opted for cast-iron railings with one gate situated at each side. The basement had amenities like a kitchen, larder, and a servant’s quarter.
The Balyan family was so advanced in the thinking that the waterfront rooms were intact with two fireplaces while other rooms had only one. They also implemented the traditional Turkish house structure on the floors above the basement and fashioned the fireplace with colorful Italian marble.
Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz changed the reputation of this pavilion for good as more elegant decoration was added to the façade. The site was used as a state guesthouse for some years at the beginning of the Republican era. However, a thorough restoration took place in 1944; the palace has been used by the public as a museum. If you want to see some of the best architectural inns built in the era of the Ottoman period, then Küçüksu Pavilion should be on top of your list.
Turkey is home to many amazing and spellbinding ancient inns built by the Ottoman Sultans. If you are a true fanatic of ancient buildings and monuments, then you will be in awe of these historical inns built in the Ottoman period.