Hepatitis C Disease and Concerns Regarding Kidney Transplant
What is Hepatitis C Disease?
It is an infection caused by a virus. The virus directly attacks the liver and leads it to inflammation.
Any form of contact of your body with the contaminated blood can transmit this virus. For example, when you go to a salon and the barber doesn’t change the blade, from sharing needles or unsterile tattoo needles.
Hepatitis C is treated with antiviral medication. In some people, newer medicines can demolish the virus. Some cases of transmission are also known to happen in cases of pregnancy or during the activity of nursing. For some people, hepatitis C is a short-term illness for a few days or few weeks, but for more than fifty percent of people who become infected with this virus, it becomes a long-term, chronic infection. And it can be a problem for them. Chronic hepatitis C can cause life-threatening problems like cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Patients suffering from Hepatitis C can witness moderate symptoms lasting for a few weeks or suffer from a severe and chronic health condition. In most people, it doesn’t show any symptoms. Sometimes, it may take a few weeks. Those who develop symptoms may feel tired, nausea, loss of appetite, and their eyes and body skin turn yellow. These symptoms include:
- Low-grade fever
- Loss of appetite
- Dark urine
- Mood swings
- Itching of the skin
Acute Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is also called a silent epidemic by doctors. People very rarely receive a diagnosis of acute hepatitis C as it lacks definitive symptoms. The acute symptoms are very similar to other infections.
Research says that less than half of people with acute hepatitis C clear the virus from inside without taking any treatments and do not develop chronic conditions. There is still a big question for them why this happens only in some people.
Chronic Hepatitis C
The thing is, Hepatitis C becomes a permanent guest in your body if the virus is unremoved.
In many cases, hepatitis C becomes permanent but does not cause any symptoms or causes general symptoms, such as chronic tiredness or depression. One may only find out they have the condition during a routine blood test or screening for a blood donation.
We can prevent liver damage by proper treatment and early diagnosis. If we left untreated, chronic hepatitis C could lead to serious problems like:
- Chronic liver disease, which can happen slowly in your body over a few years without showing any symptoms.
- Liver cancer
- Failure of the liver
Reasons and The Risk Factors
Hepatitis C infection could be spread due to the hepatitis C virus. This virus is not easy to kill. We can see a drop of blood through the naked eyes. It can carry hundreds of hepatitis C virus bits.
Popular research shows that the hepatitis C virus is more common among males than females. The people who have AIDS can increase the risk of the virus. Because of this, both diseases are genetically the same. If some person suffers from both the infections, we can say that person is co-infected with HIV and HCV.
A person is safe with casual contact and cannot contract the virus. These are the following risk factors.
- The most common route is using needle or blade or injectable drugs. More than 80% of new users get the virus within a year.
- Receive infusion or organ transplant.
- Were born to a mother who has hepatitis C, there are more chances to get infected if the mother has HIV and HCV.
- Workaround blood. Doctors and nurses can get hepatitis C more often than other people. They are likely to come in direct contact with blood.
Treatment and Prevention
In most cases, modern treatments are used to cure the hepatitis C virus. Thus, it is curable, but it hasn’t always been easy. It took years. One needed nasty shots of medicines. ‘Interferon’ and a pill called ‘Ribavirin’ are medicines. These medicines do not help in killing the virus but help boost up the immune system and fight against the virus. However, the treatment ratio is around 50%. This is why it does not always get the virus out of your body.
Nowadays, more people can get rid of hepatitis C by taking a pill, just for a few months. So there are several ways to do it without getting shots.
We can get a vaccine to prevent hepatitis A & B. However, no vaccine for hepatitis C is available. Hence, we have to take prevention by ourselves. The best way to prevent this is to stop injecting. We can prevent hepatitis C by avoiding with close contact who got the virus and avoiding a similar situation which can increase your risk of getting hepatitis C. situations like
- Body piercings
- Getting tattoos
- Take precautions after getting a tattoo
- Avoid alcohol and smoking
- Being healthy and maintain weight
Concerns About Kidney Transplant
What is a kidney transplant?
A kidney transplant is a surgery in which the recipient of a kidney is provided a healthy kidney donated by a person living a healthy lifestyle. Caring for your kidney and good health are mandatory for the rest of your life.
A person who gets a kidney transplant most often gets only one kidney. In exceptional cases, he or she may get two kidneys from a deceased donor. The diseased kidneys are usually left in place.
For the positive outcome of kidney transplant surgery depends on many things, you should:
- Visit your transplant team on a regular basis and do follow their advice.
- Take your anti-rejection medicines on a daily basis. With the proper dose and at the right times, as guided by the expert team, to keep your body from rejecting your new kidney.
- Follow the recommended schedule for eating.
- Follow the lab tests and clinic visits from time to time to make sure that your kidney is working properly.
- Follow a healthy lifestyle including proper diet, exercise and gym, and weight loss if it’s required.
What are the risks of a kidney transplant?
As with any surgery, complications can occur. Some complications may include:
- Blockage of the blood vessels to the new kidney- When the arteries that supply blood to the kidneys become narrowed or blocked, it’s known as atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (RAS). This situation might damage your kidneys indirectly but also lead to damage to your heart and brain.
- Urinal leakage
- Kidney function can be hindered initially.
Kidney transplantation can treat advanced nephropathy and kidney disease, but it’s not a cure. Some types of kidney malady may return after transplant.
The health risks strongly connected with kidney transplants include those associated directly with the surgery itself, rejection of the donor organ, and side effects of stoning up needed to stop your body from rejecting the donated kidney. Deciding whether a kidney transplant is true for you could be a personal decision that justifies careful thought and consideration of the calculated risks and advantages.
What could happen after a kidney transplant?
Feeling anxiety or depression after kidney transplant
Anxiety and depression are common after getting a kidney transplant. you will even become upset due to all the new things and changes that are happening to you after getting a transplant. This can be a standard feeling for a few transplant receivers.
Importance of a healthy lifestyle
A healthy lifestyle is very important for several reasons for everybody, especially for kidney recipients. Living a healthy lifestyle can lessen the danger of several serious conditions like diabetes, high-pressure level, high cholesterol so on. Having a full life lifestyle brings a sense of wellness.
Chances of getting bone disease after kidney transplant
The bone disease may hold even after your kidney transplant. It occurs because of side effects of medicine, previous uropathy, and diabetes, and smoking, lack of exercise, menopause, or the amount of years on dialysis.