History of the Byzantine Empire

History of the Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire was also known as the Eastern Roman Empire. It was based at the modern-day Istanbul which was earlier known as Constantinople. It was the capital of the Byzantine Empire and was named after their first ruler Constantine I. Byzantine Empire existed from the period of 330 CE to 1453 CE. The Byzantine Empire was also popularly known as the Byzantium.

The Territories Within the Byzantium

Over the centuries of the Byzantium rule, the territories varied in size. It included Greece, Asia Minor, the Balkans, Italy, Levant and also the North Africa. The Byzantium rule was mostly a Christian state and had Greek as their official language. Byzantium Empire developed their own style and art in terms of religious practices, political systems, art and architecture. Although parts of the architecture were influenced heavily by the Greek-Roman cultural tradition. It is strongly believed by historians that the Byzantine Empire came to a decline when the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II. The Conqueror (Fatih Sultan Mehmed) overtook Constantinople. 

The City of Constantinople

When the Roman Emperor Constantine I. decided to move his empire from Rome to Byzantium in 330 CE, the city of Constantinople came into existence. The new city of Constantinople was also a natural harbor and bordered between Asia and Europe. In the stretch of centuries, the Constantinople became an epoch of its kind and one of the most lavish, rich and of course most important Christian cities in the entire world.

The Power of The Emperor of Byzantium

The Byzantium emperor was also known as Basileus, while the empress was known as Basilissa. They resided in the Great palace of Constantinople. They had a set government that expertise in perfect bureaucracy. As per the rule of the empire, the emperor was the military commander in chief for the empire’s army and also the head of the government and the church. He had absolute control over the state finances and of course he had complete rights to appoint and dismiss the government and its nobles at will.
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